How to Break Up with Plastic

Since the release of David Attenborough’s Blue Planet 2, it seems that conversations around plastics and how harmful they are to the environment have increased exponentially, and for good reason. Plastic is so environmentally destructive and takes so long to break down (into even smaller micro-plastics which are just as harmful) that every single piece of plastic that has ever been made is still in existence in the Earth today. From every Barbie, to every Action-Man, every toothbrush to every menstrual pad – they still exist somewhere on this planet!

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I actually haven’t seen Blue Planet 2, but I have seen more and more people say they are making more conscious choices because of it. My journey to a more conscious life actually happened a year ago when I heard about Lauren Singer and Kate Arnell, two bloggers who aim to produce as little waste as possible. Whilst I am definitely not “zero waste” – I still recycle a lot of packaging and throw some items into the landfill – I do consider myself more conscious of my plastic consumption now.

I was recently asked by my friend “How do we keep a convenient lifestyle and reduce our plastic use?”, so here are some of the things you can do in order to reduce my plastic consumption that are so easy it’s laughable.

The Not-So-Fantastic Four

These items are most likely used at least in some form or another by every student and the replacements are easy to find, cheap (and in some cases free) and are much more sustainable than the disposable kind.

  1. Plastic Bags
  • Since the 5p charge was brought in 3 years ago, the number of plastic bags bought has dramatically decreased, but they are still being made. Use bags you already have to carry your shopping in – no doubt you have some from Fresher’s Week – and you will never have to buy a plastic bag again.
  • If you’re looking for a bag small enough to fit on your keychain made from recycled nylon, ChicoBag has you covered.
  1. Plastic Water Bottles
  • Most of the plastic waste we consume actually isn’t recycled – more than 8 million tons of plastic ends up in our oceans (PlasticOceans.org) and with the wide-range of reusable water bottles on offer, there really is no excuse not to use one.
  • If you have one already – even if it is plastic – use that until you have to buy a new one and save yourself the money.
  • If you do want a high-quality bottle, I’d recommend Chilly’s bottles – they are an investment at around £25 but they will last you for years.
  1. Plastic Straws
  • You knew this one was coming. Plastic straws suck, both literally and for the fact that they are contributing the suffering of animals (need I remind you of the poor turtle with the straw stuck in its’ nose?). I ordered a set of stainless-steel straws last year from Amazon, they are still going strong and are always a conversation starter when I’m out with friends and family.
  • Have a search on Amazon for straws, the options are literally endless – I recently found out they have collapsible ones now so there is a straw for everyone.
  1. Plastic Cutlery
  • Did you know plastic cutlery is often not recycled? That’s because if it is contaminated by food it can’t be turned back into “virgin” plastic and will just be thrown into landfills. Bamboo cutlery is much more sustainable, anti-microbial and anti-bacterial. Lots of sets come with their own pouches to store them, just search on Amazon for bamboo cutlery sets and you’ll find something.
  • Alternatively, there is nothing wrong with bringing cutlery from your own kitchen if you want to save money!

These are the easiest things that anybody can do, student or not, but if you feel like going the extra mile then try some of these things to reduce your plastic waste.

  • If you’re a coffee drinker, the KeepCup is a brilliant investment and if you use it in coffee shops you could actually get a discount! Save money whilst saving the environment? How can you refuse!
  • Consider swapping your disposable razors for a safety razor with replaceable blades that can be recycled. The blades actually cost around 10p each when buying them in a multipack, so you save a fortune!
  • If you have a period, consider using a reusable menstrual product during your time of the month (this is definitely not for everyone but has saved me a ton of money).
  • Buy your food locally as much as you can – Nottingham’s market is fantastic for fresh fruits and vegetables – or package-free, for example PlasticFreePantry offers staples like cornflakes, teas and some toiletries with no plastic whatsoever!
  • Go to Lush for your shampoo, conditioner, soaps etc. as it often comes plastic free or you can pop it in their reusable metal tins.
  • Look into buying a bamboo toothbrush that is able to be composted.
  • Buy secondhand where possible – this isn’t limited to plastics but buying secondhand means you aren’t creating a demand for a new product, therefore reducing the amount of new plastics made. You can also use websites like Freecycle.org to find secondhand items completely free!
  • If you drink alcohol, stick to drinks on tap and in glasses as much as you can – cider is often served in recyclable glass bottles.
  • Don’t need the plastic item that is being offered to you? Politely refuse it!

I hope these tips were useful to you and that you feel you can do something new for the betterment of our environment – Mother Nature needs all the help she can get right now.

Items Mentioned:

ChicoBag – https://smile.amazon.co.uk/ChicoBag-Compactable-Reusable-Boysenberry-12-5-Inch/dp/B00CMNSXMU/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1541016820&sr=8-1&keywords=chicobag)

Chilly’s Bottles – https://www.chillysbottles.com/

KeepCup – https://uk.keepcup.com/?country=United%20Kingdom

PlasticFreePantry – https://plasticfreepantry.co.uk/

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-This blog post was written by Abigail Flynn an undergraduate student at NTU,  Many thanks from the Green Academy!  

Want to write a blog post that’s featured on this site? Email us your ideas today at GreenAcademy@ntu.ac.uk!

Green Monkey – Bamboo Straws and going green for freshers!

Straws are super topical in the media today and most have decided to boycott them – even your local ‘spoons. But paper straws are still single use and come with their own issues; some people don’t recycle them and they go soft quickly.

Alternatives include metal straws or bamboo straws. Whilst stainless steel straws are great and super easy to clean (I got mine from Dash Vegan in Lenton) they just aren’t for everyone. A great alternative to these is currently provided by Green Monkey, a Warwickshire based independent shop who offer a whole pack of bamboo straws for £9.99.

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Bamboo is a great plastic alternative, it has a fast renewal rate (around 3ft each day), it is durable, anti-fungal and anti-bacterial which means any bamboo replacement is, in my eyes, pretty cool.

I brought a set in anticipation of freshers drinking week. Freshers create so much waste – plastic pop bottles, glasses and straws, all awful to clean up after a heavy night. The bamboo straws are enough for you and your housemates to share so they won’t cost much and you can save the planet a little and reduce the cleaning up whilst you’re at it.

When mine arrived they were in plastic-free packaging and came with a pipe cleaner – handy for more than just the straws. You get 12 in a pack which is more generous than most competitors but also means you can split a pack and pay less or chuck a few in different going out bags so you always have one to hand (I had enough for my housemates and myself).

What’s great about these is that if they do break, which is unlikely they’re pretty robust, they’re 100% biodegradable so you can chuck them in your compost and feel no guilt.

I took them for a spin for a week in my life and I can honestly say – I experienced no issues. I went for a canal-side lunch and asked to use my own straw instead. I gave my spare straws to my friends who were all delighted to notice that there was no taste difference or uncomfortable sensation in the mouth. I used them for a BBQ – again a massive hit. I then packed 4 into the pouch they come with and took them for a girls weekend in Manchester (my hometown). Going out I was able to use them in all the bars and they actually made the cocktails look really cute. Overall, I and my friends were really impressed. After a few days, it became second nature to keep them on me at all times.

At the end of the day it’s our future that we need to secure. By doing the small changes we can all make a massive difference. Make your freshers a green freshers and do a little now so we don’t have to take drastic measures later.

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-This blog post was written by Adelle Hood, a NTU student in the Animal Rural and Environmental Science School. Many thanks from the Green Academy! 

The Global Enterprise Experience and SDG 8

I was always very aware whilst at Nottingham Trent University that in order to be as employable as I could possibly be when I reached Graduation, I had to take every opportunity that Nottingham Business School offers. The Global Enterprise Experience is an online competition (https://www.geebiz.org/) which allows you to practically develop a wide range of skills whilst working with a group of 6-8 total strangers from across the globe! I found this opportunity via the University’s Employability Team.

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The competition brief is normally centred around one of the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals but is always left broad enough to allow creative juices to really flow. The competition from start to end is open for 3 weeks, which is no time at all to create a business concept! This year’s focus was on Sustainable Development Goal 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth.

Before the competition started, I had to fill in information about myself and my current skills.  I was then put into a team with individuals from across the globe; Guyana, The Dominican Republic, The Netherlands, New Zealand and Nigeria. We communicated via technology such as Whatsapp and a Facebook group but getting the ball rolling and finally deciding on a concept, did take longer than expected because of everyone’s different time zones.

From the beginning, every team member is encouraged by the organisers to be proactive and to not just rely on the team leader but to foster team creativity yourself – every team member’s ability to do this is measured using a 360 degree feedback method which is completed by your fellow team members at the end of the project.

We eventually managed to agree on creating a proposal focusing on environmental issues and discussed possible solutions to problems we all had experience of in our own environments. I learnt about issues such as the Sargassum (a type of seaweed) build up on the coastline of some Caribbean islands, which is having a detrimental effect on many industries and is proving difficult to remove, as it requires heavy machinery, which damages the shores. We based our final idea on creating a viable solution to solve this issue whilst simultaneously bringing employment and prosperity to the Dominican Republic and hopefully, other Caribbean islands in the future.

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Our final concept involved creating employment opportunities for women in the Dominican Republic (as the unemployment rate amongst women is high currently) by giving them the opportunity to collect the Sargassum from the beaches and coastlines which is then turned into a plastic-like material and made into a eco-friendly reusable coffee cup, to be sold to socially conscious millennials. We named our business ‘The Happy Cup Co’ and had a turtle as our company mascot which was embedded in our logo (our mission was to act in ways that always kept our ‘happy’ turtle in good spirits). The business proposal we had to submit for the competition had to be detailed and an outline of what’s expected by the judges (business industry experts, members of government etc) is provided. The proposal had to be concise and as detailed as possible, but at only 6 pages long this was quite the challenge in itself!

Overall, I think this is one of the best opportunities I have found whilst being a student at NBS. The chance to work with global teammates doesn’t arise often and I have improved current skills such as communicating with teammates in non face-to-face situations, problem-solving and creating concepts in a short space of time. I also developed my leadership skills as some members of the team did not submit their work so the team leader and myself had to step up and complete this on behalf of the team. This is stated as one of the reasons why I received high ratings in my 360-degree feedback and also led to me winning a highly commended global peer leader award which is a great thing for my CV and something that I am proud of too. The challenge is great preparation for the global workplace, I am proud of myself for helping my other team members and can’t wait to carry on my journey to become a global leader- this experience has only made me more determined to gain a position that allows me to make a positive difference in the lives of others!

If you do decide to take on this challenge next year, here are some small nuggets of advice to help you on your way to winning in 2019 (the winning team receives a cash prize each!):

  • Creating a concept that is valuable and life-changing for the proposed societal group isn’t as difficult as you might think- it just needs some thoughtful ideas to spark a real development in shaping the overall concept
  • Thoughtfulness and creative thinking are important factors to consider when developing a concept- the best ideas are from the heart!
  • There is often one team member that doesn’t contribute anything- always remain polite to them and offer your assistance, you don’t know what difficulties they may be facing!
  • Sometimes I accidentally used English slang without thinking and nobody understood me- it is important to speak clearly to other team members and to be mindful that some people will be speaking English as a second language!

If you are interested in taking part next year it takes place in the Springtime. For NTU students please contact fiona.winfield@ntu.ac.uk for more information.

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-This blog post was written by Eloise Thomas a recent NTU graduate of the Nottingham Business School. Many thanks from the Green Academy! 

PRME UK and Ireland chapter(UKI) and Oxford Brookes University Writing Competition

In February this year, I entered a writing competition conducted by the PRME UK and Ireland chapter(UKI) and Oxford Brookes University. This is the second year the competition is being conducted with the aim of promoting understanding of the United Nations Principles for Responsible Management Education (PRME) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The concept is that though every year business and management students produce insightful work about sustainability issues, business ethics dilemma and responsible business and management practise as part of their course, it is rarely read by more than a few. Hence, the writing competition is established as an opportunity for students to be assessed by experts and provide wider readership for their work.  I am happy that my submission has been selected as one of the Top 10 finalists amongst entries submitted by Post Graduate students from all across the UK and Ireland. My work will also be published shortly on the PRME website.

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I submitted the essay that I had written for the Responsible and sustainable leadership module, led by Prof. Mollie Painter-Morland. My essay analysed the sustainability report of a leading oil and natural gas company, assessing its stakeholder practices, sustainability reporting practices using the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) standards and the company’s contribution to SDG-13, that deals with urgent action to combat climate change. Though the company fared well on some of these measures, it was found to be under a lot of pressure from its shareholders and environmental, social and government (ESG) organisations to set sustainability targets and faced the risk of the loss of institutional investors if it failed to do so. Hence, I suggested a socially responsible investment to the company in green energy storage research with a cross-collaboration model starting with a company such as Alphabet with a Cambridge model of leadership. I drew from examples of states such as California that suffered from excess green energy production and built a case for green energy storage research as such an investment could create long-term value for the company and the society.

As I was researching for the essay, the importance of green energy storage became very evident to me. With the cash reserves enjoyed by oil and gas companies, such investments seem viable and thus it became the essence of my essay. I thoroughly enjoyed researching and writing on this topic and truly believe that such investments are necessary if green energy can be used on a large scale in the future. I hope this is just the start on the path of sustainability for me and hope to research more such issues in the future.

PRMEE

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-This blog post was written by Deepa Anantha Narayana an NTU Student in the Nottingham Business School. Many thanks from the Green Academy! 

Low-carbon diet: The food fad that’s good for the environment

If you aren’t already worried about climate change, you probably should be. Melting ice-caps, rising sea-levels and extreme weather – indicators that all is not right with the world, and us humans definitely have a hand in it!

Sustainability, low-waste living and plant-based lifestyles are all hot topics for anyone interested in reducing their carbon footprint and diet is one of the best places to start.

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A low-carbon diet is all about adapting your lifestyle to reduce your greenhouse gas emissions. At the heart of this is thinking about your food: how it is prepared, packaged, processed and transported to reduce your impact on the environment. A low-carbon diet aims to reduce the amount of plastics used and cuts down on meat and dairy consumption because of the large quantities of methane and carbon dioxide this industry puts into the atmosphere.

When constructing a low-carbon recipe look for foods first and foremost that are grown in the UK, as they will have travelled less, and recipes free from meat and dairy. One of my favourite dishes is tagine – a north African dish that can be adapted to fit locally sourced foods.

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Tagine Serves: 2-4

Tagine

Butternut Squash x1

Red Onion x1-2

Red pepper x1

Garlic x a few bulbs

Can of Chickpeas x1

Can of chopped tomatoes/passata x1

Rapeseed oil x2 tablespoons

Seasoning: harissa paste, ras-el-hanout or a spice mix of smoked paprika, coriander, cumin, chilli, ground black pepper, salt

 

Flatbreads

200g plain flour/bread flour + extra for dusting

100ml warm water

Pinch of salt

½ tablespoon of oil

Method:

Roughly chop the red onion, pepper and garlic and fry in the rapeseed oil. Cook until soft.

Peel, deseed and chop and butternut squash and add to the pan. Coat in the harissa paste/spice-mix.

Add the can of chopped tomatoes/passata and an equal amount of water. Bring to the boil, then turn the heat down. Cook until the butternut squash is soft and the sauce has reduced. Add more water if necessary.

Whilst the tagine is cooking, make the flatbreads. Mix the flour, water, salt and oil in a bowl. Add more flour/water if the consistency is too dry/wet. Knead on a floured surface for 5-10 minutes until smooth and stretchy. Portion the dough into 4/6 balls and roll them out into thin discs. Heat a pan and dry fry your flatbreads. If you don’t have a non-stick pan, you can use a bit of oil to make sure they don’t stick.

Whilst this dish may sound exotic, the vast majority of the ingredients can be sourced from the UK. Go plastic-free where possible and recycle what packaging you can. Everyone is capable of making a difference, no matter how small, and making small changed to your diet can do wonders for the planet.

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-This blog post was written by Claudia Minett an NTU Staff member in the academic registry. Many thanks from the Green Academy! 

 

Want to write a blog post that’s featured on this site? Email us your ideas today at GreenAcademy@ntu.ac.uk!

Plastic Planet launches at NTU

In April, Nottingham Trent University’s Sustainable Development Team launched the Plastic Planet campaign with engagement stalls at City, Clifton and Brackenhurst campuses. The aim of the campaign is to work with other departments, as well as with students and staff, to encourage positive behaviour changes that reduce the amount of unnecessary plastic used around NTU.

During the launch week, we asked students and staff to make a ‘Plastic Pledge’ – a small change they could make such as switching to a bamboo toothbrush or refusing plastic straws. Everyone that got involved entered our raffle to win plastic-reducing prizes such as lunch boxes and reusable water bottles.

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We also asked for feedback on what NTU could do better. The University uses many different plastic items for all types of purposes so it is useful to hear from people that have noticed potential improvements. Many people we spoke to highlighted their concerns over the disposables used in the Dine outlets. The catering department is currently liaising with the Sustainable Development Team while exploring recyclable and biodegradable options and they are very keen to make sustainable changes wherever appropriate. Additionally, the water point locations are now on the Sustainability webpages and we are planning to install new water points to reduce the demand for bottled drinks.

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Going forward, the Sustainable Development Team will be exploring providing reusable water bottles and coffee cups at the start of the academic year. We also hope to host waste reducing events to engage students, staff and the public, such as zero waste shops/stalls, and we will continue to work with other departments to encourage positive changes. If you have any suggestions or feedback, please email sust.dev@ntu.ac.uk. We hope to make a big difference to the amount of single-use plastic seen around NTU so watch this space!

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-This blog post was written by Kate Divey-Matthews the Environmental Engagement Assistant in the Sustainable Development Team at NTU. Many thanks from the Green Academy! 

Want to write a blog post that’s featured on this site? Email us your ideas today at GreenAcademy@ntu.ac.uk!

Music : A vehicle for sustainability

 

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Iolly Amancio, a talented singer from Rio, who is one among many that use music to achieve sustainability

Music is a global universe language. It tells stories and takes us on journeys. It’s a way for many people across the globe to express their emotions. Music can be many things, yet it has never been looked at as a way of achieving sustainability.

A tool to improve individual and community well-being, to develop skills and education, and creating pathways out of poverty, music has the power to bring about national, regional and local benefits across a number SDGs.

Whether a fight against prejudice or a way to simplify worldviews, collective musical practice helps improve cohesion among groups of people who may be completely different from each other.

In the past few years, the potential of music to effectively bring about change has been explored in a number of ways.

An inspiring anecdote that perfectly highlights the role of music in sustainability, is the story Iolly Amancio, a brave and talented woman from the sprawling suburbs of Rio de Janeiro.

A black, poor singer from the outskirts of the city, Iolly fought discrimination and poverty to rise to success as the lead vocalist for local rock’n’roll band,Gente.

A proud participant of a UNDP-led pilot project that aims to harness transformative powers of music and the arts as a major force to implement the 2030 agenda and its global goals.

Iolly made her first journey out of Brazil to the famous Chelsea Film Festival in New York to deliver a presentation. The festival also featured the documentary film Baixada Never Gives Up.

Baixada is one of the most violent metropolitan regions on Earth. The film presented the collective of artists and musicians who got together in an initiative, to fight the injustice, violence, and discrimination that was rampant in the city of four million people.

From its inception in June 2016 till now, the project with its ethos of leaving no one behind has seen a massive growth to six million participants throughout Brazil.

From the production of a promo CD with 7 SDG-related songs, ranging from reggae, to rock’n’roll to rap all of which involve the youth of Baixada, two major music videos that embody the spirit of never giving up, the collective is a powerful force to motivate citizen action for a better future.

Another example of music making its mark in the achievement of SDGs is the hip-hop music video which breaks down the complex 17 SDGs into easy to understand concepts, thus inspiring young people around the world to take action in support of the UN development agenda.

A video which was dedicated to International Peace Day serves as a great example music can play in breaking down the complexity of the SDGs into easily achievable goals.

Music is often thought to be a form of entertainment. A way to switch off from the real world. But stories and initiatives like these prove that music can function as a vehicle to present real-world issues in one of the most empowering and accessible ways possible.

Watch the music video below;

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-This blog post was written by Malvika Padin, NTU student, B.A Journalism. Many thanks from the Green Academy! 

Want to write a blog post that’s featured on this site? Email us your ideas today at GreenAcademy@ntu.ac.uk!

Brackenhurst Tree Planting

During the week beginning 19th February, volunteers from NTU and beyond planted approximately 1700 native trees in Orwin’s Field on Brackenhurst Campus.

The majority of the trees are part of an academic research project on the impact of different species on soil pH. These trees were planted in squares of 100 equally spaced whips, with each square being made up of one species – either Scott’s pine, pedunculate oak, alder or field maple. An additional mix of native species was planted along the edge of the field to provide a more natural habitat for wildlife.

More than 40 students, including members of the Conservation Society, volunteered their time planting the trees. Four volunteers attend in association with Age UK and their dedicated section will be marked with a plaque. Several members of the Keeping It Wild youth group came from Nottinghamshire Wildlife Trust for the day as well. Staff from the Sustainable Development Team also enjoyed an afternoon of planting and problem solving as they plotted the exact locations of the next blocks of trees.

1Age UK and student volunteers

The area is the second of a series of planned woodlands around the estate with the aims of carbon sequestration and habitat creation. The first woodland of 2500 trees was planted with volunteers in March 2017 at Parkside Close and we hope to be able to plant more areas in the next couple of years. Both areas have been supported by funding from the Woodland Trust’s MOREwoods scheme and will be registered with the Forestry Commission’s Carbon Code.

2Keeping It Wild volunteers from Nottinghamshire Wildlife Trust

This was my first experience of planting a woodland and leading volunteers but I loved being outside all week, especially when the sun came out, and it was great to see our progress. The volunteers really got stuck in and some even came back for more. Getting so many trees in the ground by the end of the week felt like a big achievement because a lot of work and coordination between staff, the Woodland Trust and the nursery went into planning the planting. I hope that the trees grow successfully and provide habitats and research opportunities for years to come.

3-e1520859060752.pngEach tree has a protective guard to prevent it being eaten by animals

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-This blog post was written by Kate Divey-Matthews the Environmental Engagement Assistant in the Sustainable Development Team at NTU. Many thanks from the Green Academy! 

Want to write a blog post that’s featured on this site? Email us your ideas today at GreenAcademy@ntu.ac.uk!

 

 

Biophilia – Our Innate Connectedness to Nature

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E.O Wilson’s Biophilia hypothesis (1995) posits that, as a result of our extensive co-evolutionary histories with our planet’s myriad inhabitants, we possess an innate desire to interact with other species and ‘life-like processes’. Hypotheses surrounding the numerous benefits of communing with our natural evolutionary heritage are not new and are based on more than mere speculation or intuition. An ever-growing body of empirical evidence from disciplines ranging from environmental psychology to the health and biological sciences have shown that exposure to and prolonged contact with natural spaces and animals is strongly correlated with physiologically, psychologically, and socially restorative effects. Interacting with and sometimes even simply viewing nature through a window, for instance, has been found to reduce stress, quicken recovery time for patients who’ve undergone surgery, alleviate depression, confer cognitive benefits such as improved attention and memory, and reinforce social cohesion. A BBC study which sought to assess the effects of watching videos of wildlife on thousands of viewers from over six different countries found that, after watching the videos, viewers reported significant increases in joy, contentment, curiosity, awe, and wonder, and reduced stress and tiredness. It appears that exposure to and communion with the natural world and our co-evolutionary counterparts taps into a deep wellspring of human happiness, one forged by millions of years of evolution, that is more fundamental and enduring than that which one supposedly experiences via material pursuits.

Such findings are truly profound, for they lend legitimacy to something that many have felt for centuries yet weren’t able to articulate or prove concretely: that we are deeply connected to our natural support systems and coevolutionary counterparts on a multitude of levels- historically, culturally, and biologically- and that the grand delusion of human separateness from and superiority to the natural world has been among the greatest myths ever perpetuated. Yet, today during the Anthropocene, the era of disastrous human impacts on the natural world, we’re systematically eroding the very foundations of life and wellbeing. The 6th mass extinction is well under way, portending the loss of 67% of monitored vertebrate species by 2020. Anthropogenic climate change promises more frequent and intense storms, droughts, wildfires, further species decline, and rising seas. All of these crises are largely rooted in the wildly unsustainable production and consumption patterns of contemporary industrial-capitalist societies, predominantly in the Global North where the ecological footprint of its citizenry vastly exceeds that of the Global South, while collectively our species consumes the annual resource equivalent of 1.6 planet earths. By scaling back the human enterprise- namely, by reducing conspicuous consumption, reusing all we can, opting for public transport, vastly reducing highly polluting and resource-intensive activities such as meat and dairy consumption and production, and generally making more room for natural processes and other species to flourish – we can make great strides towards preserving the extraordinary world that makes ours and our fantastic co-evolutionary counterparts’ lives truly worth living.

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-This blog post was written by Heather Alberro, a PhD Candidate/Associate Lecturer in the Department of Politics and International Relations at NTU

Want to write a blog post that’s featured on this site? Email us your ideas today at GreenAcademy@ntu.ac.uk!

 

 

What was the outcome of COP23 and what happens now?

There have been two busy weeks in Bonn, with negotiations covering everything from the precise wording of a Gender Action Plan to a “rulebook” for the Paris Agreement. In my first blog post, I mentioned three main areas to look out for; the process on making the Paris Agreement operational, the mechanisms developing to increasing action per every fifth year and the highlighting of vulnerable countries and communities.

The negotiations on the Paris Agreement started on Tuesday morning and have continued over the week. Transparency and inclusion of stakeholders have been a major part of the discussions, an important part for democratic Agreement. The work on the rulebook started at COP22 in Marrakesh last year, and the process has covered a broad range including

  • the nationally determined contributions (NDCs) framework
  • how to record work on adaptation
  • making sure members act in compliance with the Paris Agreement
  • ensure transparent reporting of progress in the Agreement

While the “deadline” of this rulebook is COP24 next year, which will be held in Poland, this year’s draft has revealed potential disagreements and the options for moving forward. Look at the COP23 key outcomes agreed at UN Climate Talks for a more detailed summary of the progress on the rulebook.

Another discussion, aka the Talanoa dialogue, has been the work on enhanced ambition, or the mechanisms for increasing action every five years. The outcome of the dialogue highlights three questions; Where are we?, Where do we want to go? and How do we get there?. The document can be found in the Annex of COP23’s outcome decision.

The final point I have followed is Fiji’s focus on vulnerable countries and communities. This focus can be seen in the progress in areas such as a Gender Action Plan, the Ocean Pathway Partnership and the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform.

  • The Gender Action Plan strengthens gender-responsive climate policy and highlights the need to mainstream gender into all activities. It also underlines the need to incorporate women into decision-making and implementation of climate policies.
  • The Ocean Pathway Partnership stresses the need for countries to include the ocean in their work on climate change. It aims to allow for projects working on ocean health and ocean ecosystems to receive UNFCCC funding.
  • The Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform provides a space for an exchange of best practice on mitigation and adaptation measures that respect and safeguard local community and indigenous people.

Undoubtedly, there has been a lot of work in these two weeks, and while we have seen progress, the negotiations have highlighted the need for speed. The increase of climate disasters shows that countries need to evaluate as well as act on their intended nationally determined contributions on reducing emissions and keep this ambition going for COP24 in Poland 2018. Work on climate change is an all-year-round effort, so until next year, have a look at some organisations work.

Help locally with the NTSU Conservation Society or contact the NTU Environment Team to see how you can get involved.

Or nationally at UKYCC, or at a global level with YOUNGO or 350.

Or if you just want to chat about climate change contact me.

Alex

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-This blog post was written by Alexandra Arntsen, associate lecturer in the Green Academy, on the UNFCCC negotiations at COP23 in Bonn. 

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